Ultrasound therapy is a treatment modalities use to treat acute and chronic pain conditions, and to speed tissue healing. Ultrasound therapy might be quite effective for the following conditions:
• Myofascial pain
• Carpal tunnel syndrome
• Pain caused by scar tissue
• Strains/ sprains
• Phantom pain
Types of ultrasound therapy
• Thermal ( continuous sound wave ) causes microscopic vibration in the tissue, produces heat in the tissue which increases blood flow and enzyme activities, metabolism thus encouraging tissue healing
• Mechanical ( pulse sound wave ) produces minor heat and causes expansion and contraction in the small gas molecules located in the soft tissues. That helps to decrease inflammatory response, swelling thus helping with pain
Both of these types of ultrasound therapy generate sound waves characterized by low pressure amplitude and periodic oscillations with limited bandwidth.
If you experiencing myofascial pain or strain/sprain for a long time the use of thermal ultrasound is the appropriate choice for treatment. If you have pain caused by scar tissue or swelling like in carpal tunnel syndrome, mechanical ultrasound treatment is better. Ultrasound therapy is performed on affected areas from 5 to 10 minutes, with 3 to 6 repeats done daily for acute conditions and weekly for chronic. Some patients may feel heat or pulsing sensation during the ultrasound treatment, but in most cases application of this form of therapy is comfortable and not painful.
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